ESOS legislative framework

The Education Services for Overseas Students Act 2000, or ESOS Act, establishes legislative requirements and standards for the regulation of education and training institutions offering courses to international students in Australia on a student visa.  In particular ESOS provides tuition protection for international students. Please follow the links below for more information.  A discussion paper on reforming the Education Services for Overseas Students framework has been released for public comment.

Due to Machinery of Government changes, please note that any references to DEEWR, DIISR, DIISRTE or DIICCSRTE in the ESOS legislative framework are now replaced by the Department of Education.


The Education Services for Overseas Students Act 2000 (ESOS Act) and related legislation is designed to protect the interests of students coming to Australia on student visas. The legislation aims to protect and enhance Australia’s reputation for quality education, to provide tuition protection and support the integrity of the student visa program.
ESOS Charges and Levies Acts

Provider Registration

The Department of Education is responsible for the Commonwealth Register of Institutions and Courses for Overseas Students (CRICOS). Only education institutions registered under the ESOS Act and listed on CRICOS can enrol overseas students to study in Australia on a student visa.

Tuition Protection Service

The Tuition Protection Service (TPS) is a placement and refund service for international students. The TPS replaces the Tuition Assurance Scheme and the ESOS Assurance fund. Visit the TPS website for more information.


The National Code is a legislative instrument of the ESOS Act and applies to providers of education to students on student visas in all sectors. National Code requirements are in addition to the standards for specific sectors.
National Code and Explanatory Guide

Information for students

The Australian Government is committed to ensuring you have a great education experience in Australia. The ESOS Act and related laws protect international students through:

  • The ESOS legislation and recent reforms
  • The National Code
  • The Overseas Students Ombudsman
  • The Tuition Protection Service​

Further information about students’ rights and obligations under the ESOS Framework can be found in ESOS Framework Student Fact Sheet (pdf, docx).

Further information about overseas student health cover (OSHC) can be found in the Department of Immigration and Border Protection’s OSHC factsheet (pdf).

Do you have an ESOS enquiry?

Submit your enquiry here.